Responses to Imperialism

Unit 6: c. 1750-1900

Main Ideas:

  • Discontent with European rule in colonies → Anti-colonial movements by native populations in the colonies

  • Anti-colonial movements often led to rebellions, which were quickly put down by the colonizers

Anti-Colonial Movements

As Colonizers Expanded their Influence, the Indigenous People Sought to Rebel 

Key Ideas:

  • Discontent with European rule in colonies → Anti-colonial movements by Native Colonists

    • India created the Indian National Congress (est. 1885) to collaborate with the British for independence

    • Africa had many anti-colonial organizations that sought to revive indigenous African traditions to displace European traditions

  • Anti-colonial movements often led to rebellions by the colonists, which were quickly put down by the colonizers
    • India had the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857, which the British quickly quelled
    • Indigenous people in the US had the Ghost Dance, which the US government quickly put down
    • Africa had many anti-colonial rebellions, but the European colonizers quickly put them down