AP World History

Unit 3: c. 1450-1750

Land-Based Empires

Main Ideas of the Unit:

  • Various land-based empires emerged, and they all used common themes of tax-collection, monumental art & architecture, religion, military elites, bureaucracies, and gunpowder to expand & legitimize their rule

  • Interactions between different religions led to divisions among a religion (Protestant Reformation), conflict between religions (Ottomans vs Safavids), and the creation of syncretic religions (Sikhism)

Content Overview

List of Important Land-Based Empires

1299-1923

Ottoman Empire

Turkey

1501-1736

Safavid Empire

Persia

1526-1857

Mughal Empire

India

1368-1644

Ming Dynasty

China

1644-1912

Qing Dynasty

China

1603-1868

Tokugawa Shogunate

Japan

1464-1591

Songhai Empire

West Africa

List of Important European Kingdoms

Formed in 1469

Spanish Kingdom

Spain

Formed in 1453

French Kingdom

France

Formed in 1000s

English Monarchy

British Isles

Formed in 800

Holy Roman Empire

Germany

Formed in 1480

Tsardom of Russia

Russia

Formed in 1526

Habsburg Monarchy

Austria

Main Ideas of the Topic

  • Empires used gunpowder and military strength to establish large empires

  • Political & religious disputes led to rivalries between various states & empires

Main Ideas of the Topic

  • Empires used bureaucracies & military elites to maintain centralized control of their populations

  • Rulers used religion & monumental architecture to legitimize their rule

  • Rulers used innovative tax-collecting systems to generate revenue for their empires

Main Ideas of the Topic

  • Empires used bureaucracies & military elites to maintain centralized control of their populations

  • Rulers used religion & monumental architecture to legitimize their rule

  • Rulers used innovative tax-collecting systems to generate revenue for their empires